United States of Disparities

United States

One-day count

Data in this section show how many youth are detained, committed, or otherwise sleeping somewhere other than their homes per orders of the court on "any given day" in select years. Data is available for the nation and on a state-by-state basis, and are based upon one-day counts of youth in residential placement facilities conducted in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Learn more »

Show table and download this data

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Year White Black Latino Native American Asian Other All youth of color All youth

Annual decision points

This section includes data at nine key juvenile justice annual decision points. Data are available at the county and state-level, but only for counties that report. This section allows you to view the data from many different angles and all of the data is broken down by race and ethnicity. Learn more »


Data not available for every year. (Why?)

Available years are those for which states have submitted data to OJJDP. States do not submit data on an annual basis.

Case flow diagram

Click on a decision-making point to see the data for that point. Click additional decision-making points to the graph to compare.

  1. Youth population

  • 1Comparison of arrest to population is rate per 1,000 youth. All other annual decision points are rate per 100 youth at the prior decision-making point.
  • 2Due to differences in how states define arrests and referrals to court, some states may have more referrals to court than arrests.
Show table and download this data

Click column headers to sort Download

Decision White Black Latino American Indian or Alaskan Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander Asian Other All youth of color All youth

5 of 159 counties (Why?)

Originally, states were only required to examine three counties: those with the greatest proportions of minority youth within their juvenile population, as well as those that contained the greatest numbers of minority youth. Only recently has OJJDP required that states track DMC data for all potential DMC reduction sites on a regular basis (at least every 3 years). If a county is not a DMC reduction site, data may not be available.

Detention statute

Juvenile courts may hold delinquents in a secure detention facility if the court believes it is in the best interest of the community or the child. After arrest a youth is often brought to the local juvenile detention facility by law enforcement. Juvenile probation officers or detention workers review the case and decide if the juvenile should be held pending a hearing by a judge.

Jurisdiction ages

  • 13–7
  • Extended Age of Delinquency Jurisdiction: 20

Age of Detention


Standard for detention

A child taken into custody shall not be detained or placed in shelter care prior to the hearing on the petition unless:

(1) The child's detention or care is required to protect the person or property of others or of the child;

(2) The child may abscond or be removed from the jurisdiction of the court;

(3) The child has no parent, guardian, or custodian or other person able to provide supervision and care for him or her and return him or her to the court when required; or

(4) An order for the child's detention or shelter care has been made by the court pursuant to this article.

Detention hearing timeline

Ga Code Ann. § 15-11-49.

Within 72 hours after detention, unless on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, then the hearing shall be held on the next business day.


Please email Anna Wong with any updates to contact information for your DMC coordinator, JJS coordinator, or DMC subcommittee chair.

DMC coordinator

Matthew Pitts
Planning and Policy Development Specialist
Juvenile Justice Unit
Criminal Justice Coordinating Council
104 Marietta Street, Suite 440
Atlanta, Georgia 30303
DMC Website

JJS coordinator

Samantha Wolf
Program Director, Juvenile Justice Unit
Criminal Justice Coordinating Council
104 Marietta Street, Suite 440
Atlanta, GA 30303

DMC subcommittee chair

Theodore Carter, Jr.,
Asst. Deputy Commissioner - Secure Facilities
Director - Office of Training
Department of Juvenile Justice
3408 Covington Highway
Decatur, GA 30032-1513

Reform efforts

States that wish to post their most recent three-year plans or share other relevant publications about their reform work should contact Anna Wong. We would be happy to link to relevant documents and information.

DMC reform efforts

DMC Subcommittee has plans for data tracking and training to eliminate DMC.

Statewide DMC Forum ocurred in July 2013. The focus of this Forum was to reduce school-based referrals.

State Plan

2013-2016 State Plan

State Advisory Group (SAG)

The mission of the Children and Youth Coordinating Council (hereinafter referred to as "CYCC") is to oversee the efficient administration of taxpayer funds through the provision of grant opportunities to local communities for effective prevention and intervention services for Georgia's youth and families as well as provide for the interaction, communication, and coordination of all components of the children's service systems of the state and to provide assistance in establishing state-wide goals and standards in the system.

CYCC will perform the functions, and have the duties and responsibilities, set forth in the JJDP Act, and shall consist of members appointed by the Governor consistent with the requirements of the JJDP Act. The purpose of the council shall be:

  1. To facilitate the coordination of all children's service system in the state of Georgia;
  2. To carry out the mandates of O.C.G.A. 49-5-130, and the Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) Act of 2002, as amended;
  3. To act as the supervisory board for the preparation and administration of the State Plan for Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention as outlined in JJDP Act of 2002, as amended;
  4. To reduce the number of Children committed by the courts to institutions operated by the Department of Human Resources and the Department of Children and Youth Services or other state agencies.

SAG chair

Sandra Deal
Filtered through:
Justice Division
Governor's Office For Children and Families
7 Martin Luther King Jr. Drive
Suite 351
Atlanta, GA. 30334
Phone: (404) 656-5183
Fax: (404) 656-5601

Organizational structure

Members of the Council are appointed by the Governor.

The Council consists of 23 persons who have training, experience, or special knowledge concerning the prevention and treatment of child abuse and neglect, emotional disability, foster care, teenage pregnancy, juvenile delinquency, law enforcement, pediatrics, health care, drug treatment and rehabilitation, primary education, or the administration of juvenile justice;At least one member of the council shall reside in each congressional district in this state;Twenty-one members, including the chairman, shall be appointed by the Governor, one member shall be appointed by the President of the Senate, and one shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives;A majority of members (including the chairman) shall not be full-time employees of the Federal, State, or local government;At least one-fifth of whose members shall be under the age of 24 at the time of appointment.

Tenure; vacancies.

  • The term of a member is 4 years;
  • At the end of a term, a member continues to serve until a successor is appointed;
  • All appointments to the Council shall become effective upon gubernatorial appointment. In the event of death, resignation, disqualification, or removal for any reason of any member of the council, the vacancy shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment and the successor shall serve for the unexpired term.
  • A member, who is appointed after a term has begun, shall serve only for the remainder of the four year term and continue until a successor is appointed and qualifies.


DMC, Juvenile Planning, Executive Board


  1. Andrew "Andy" B. Barclay, Atlanta
  2. John C. Bowden, Forsyth
  3. Barbara J. Bunn, Conyers
  4. Kenneth "Ken" M. Dobbs, D.Min., Greenville
  5. Timothy "Tim" G. Echols, Winterville
  6. Nkemdailem "Kem" U. Ezeoke, Stone Mountain
  7. Carolyn "Carol" B. Hanna, Warner Robins
  8. Marquis L. Harris, Macon
  9. Carole T. Kaczorowski, Savannah
  10. Mark J. Lane, Albany
  11. C. Stephen "Steve" Lowe, Jasper
  12. Donnie Lamar Ayodele Olajuwon, Stone Mountain
  13. Linda H. Parker, Woodstock
  14. Adam "Ad" S. Poppell III, Darien
  15. Daniel "Dan" J. Provence, Bainbridge
  16. Kathryn "Kathy" M. Schrader, Duluth
  17. Michele H. Smith, Pine Mountain
  18. Steven C. Teske, Jonesboro