United States of Disparities

United States

One-day count

Data in this section show how many youth are detained, committed, or otherwise sleeping somewhere other than their homes per orders of the court on "any given day" in select years. Data is available for the nation and on a state-by-state basis, and are based upon one-day counts of youth in residential placement facilities conducted in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Learn more »

Show table and download this data

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Year White Black Latino Native American Asian Other All youth of color All youth

Annual decision points

This section includes data at nine key juvenile justice annual decision points. Data are available at the county and state-level, but only for counties that report. This section allows you to view the data from many different angles and all of the data is broken down by race and ethnicity. Learn more »


Data not available for every year. (Why?)

Available years are those for which states have submitted data to OJJDP. States do not submit data on an annual basis.

Case flow diagram

Click on a decision-making point to see the data for that point. Click additional decision-making points to the graph to compare.

  1. Youth population

  • 1Comparison of arrest to population is rate per 1,000 youth. All other annual decision points are rate per 100 youth at the prior decision-making point.
  • 2Due to differences in how states define arrests and referrals to court, some states may have more referrals to court than arrests.
Show table and download this data

Click column headers to sort Download

Decision White Black Latino American Indian or Alaskan Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander Asian Other All youth of color All youth

48 of 64 counties (Why?)

Originally, states were only required to examine three counties: those with the greatest proportions of minority youth within their juvenile population, as well as those that contained the greatest numbers of minority youth. Only recently has OJJDP required that states track DMC data for all potential DMC reduction sites on a regular basis (at least every 3 years). If a county is not a DMC reduction site, data may not be available.

Detention statute

Juvenile courts may hold delinquents in a secure detention facility if the court believes it is in the best interest of the community or the child. After arrest a youth is often brought to the local juvenile detention facility by law enforcement. Juvenile probation officers or detention workers review the case and decide if the juvenile should be held pending a hearing by a judge.

Jurisdiction ages

  • 10–16
  • Extended Age of Delinquency Jurisdiction: 20
  • Status Offense Jurisdiction: 6–17

Age of detention


Standard for detention

LSA-Ch.C. Art. 814

D. The officer shall immediately execute a written statement of facts, sworn to before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths, supporting the existence of probable cause to believe either that the child committed a delinquent act or that the child has violated the terms of his probation or otherwise has violated the terms of his release. This affidavit shall be submitted to the juvenile court. Within forty-eight hours after the child has been taken into custody, including legal holidays within the time computation, the court shall review the affidavit, and if it determines that probable cause exists, the child shall be held for a continued custody hearing pursuant to Article 819. If the court determines that probable cause does not exist, the child shall be released from custody. The provisions of this Paragraph shall not be construed to require the officer who executed the written statement to personally appear in court for any determination of probable cause in connection with the child being taken into custody.

LSA-Ch.C. Art. 817

A. As soon as practicable after a child is received by a juvenile detention center or shelter care facility, the court or a probation officer employed and authorized by the court, upon determining it to be appropriate, shall release the child to the care of his parents or other relatives upon their written promise to bring him to court at such times as may be fixed by the court. The court may also impose reasonable restrictions upon the child's travel, place of abode, association with other people, or employment during the period of this release.

B. If the court finds that these conditions are insufficient to assure the presence of the child at later proceedings, the court may require the posting of bail in accordance with Chapter 6 of this Title.

C. If the court finds that release under neither Paragraph A or B of this Article is appropriate, it may authorize the continued custody of a child pending a hearing in accordance with Chapter 5 of this Title.

D. If custody is continued, an appropriate representative of the arresting agency shall be responsible for transporting the child to the adjudication or dispositional hearing, or both, and transporting the child back to the juvenile detention center or to such state or local facility as determined by the court through its order or judgment or disposition.

Detention hearing timeline

LA Ch. C. art. 814 and 819.

Judge review of police statement within 48 hours. If the child is not released, continued custody hearing within 3 days of detention.

If the child is not released into the care of her parents or guardian, the officer shall promptly notify her parents that she has been taken into custody.

  • The officer must then submit a report to the district attorney or court officer designated to receive such reports within 24 hours after the child has been taken into custody.
  • Within 48 hours of the child’s arrest, the juvenile court must review the affidavit submitted to the court to determine whether there was indeed probable cause for the arrest of the child.
  • If the court determines that there was probable cause for the arrest, a continued custody hearing shall be scheduled within 3 days of the child’s entry into the juvenile detention center or shelter care facility.
  • If the court determines that there was not probable cause for the arrest, the child shall be released


Please email Anna Wong with any updates to contact information for your DMC coordinator, JJS coordinator, or DMC subcommittee chair.

R.E.D. state coordinator

Raymond Vincent
Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Criminal Justice
602 N. 5th St., 1st Floor
PO Box 3133
Baton Rouge, LA 70821-3133
Phone: 225-342-1885


JJS coordinator

(awaiting updated information)

R.E.D. subcommittee chair

ViEve Martin-Kohrs
Phone: 337-721-3931

Reform efforts

States that wish to post their most recent three-year plans or share other relevant publications about their reform work should contact Anna Wong. We would be happy to link to relevant documents and information.

State Advisory Group (SAG)

The State Advisory Group reviews the applications for grants made available through the state of Louisiana for the purpose of serving the juvenile justice system.

The mission of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) program in Louisiana includes funding programs at the local level to support delinquency prevention and effective intervention to at-risk youth and their families throughout the state. Community-based juvenile programs are the keys to alleviating juvenile crime; therefore, funds are distributed locally to support innovative programs that might otherwise not receive financing.

SAG chair

William "Bill" Landry
1427 South Park
Gonzales, Louisiana 70737-4331

Organizational structure

Meet once a quarter. Members are appointed by the governor through recommendations by the Executive Director on Law Enforcement or by the juvenile justice board.


DMC, Grant Review, Conference


  • Mr. Wiliam (Bill) Landry, Chair
  • Mr. David Burton
  • Ms. Julie Calzone
  • Mr. Ted Cox
  • Ms. Claire T. Daly
  • Dr. Debra DePrato
  • Mr. Alberto Galan
  • Mr. Julio R. Galan
  • Mr. James D. Garvey, Jr.
  • Ms. Billie Giroir
  • Mr. Curtis Hooks
  • Mr. C.H. Jackson
  • Mr. Jerry Jones
  • Mr. Roy Juncker, Jr.
  • Mr. Tyler Lax
  • Dr. Mary Livers
  • Ms. Vi Eve Martin-Kohrs
  • Ms. Dana Menard
  • Mr. Ronald Rossitto
  • Dr. John S. Ryals, Jr.
  • Ms. Sancha Haysbert-Smith
  • Mr. Denzel A. Thomas
  • Mr. Tyler E. Tullos
  • Dr. David Whalden
  • Mr. David James Zoller