United States of Disparities

United States

One-day count

Data in this section show how many youth are detained, committed, or otherwise sleeping somewhere other than their homes per orders of the court on "any given day" in select years. Data is available for the nation and on a state-by-state basis, and are based upon one-day counts of youth in residential placement facilities conducted in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Learn more »

Show table and download this data

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Year White Black Latino Native American Asian Other All youth of color All youth

Annual decision points

This section includes data at nine key juvenile justice annual decision points. Data are available at the county and state-level, but only for counties that report. This section allows you to view the data from many different angles and all of the data is broken down by race and ethnicity. Learn more »


Data not available for every year. (Why?)

Available years are those for which states have submitted data to OJJDP. States do not submit data on an annual basis.

Case flow diagram

Click on a decision-making point to see the data for that point. Click additional decision-making points to the graph to compare.

  1. Youth population

  • 1Comparison of arrest to population is rate per 1,000 youth. All other annual decision points are rate per 100 youth at the prior decision-making point.
  • 2Due to differences in how states define arrests and referrals to court, some states may have more referrals to court than arrests.
Show table and download this data

Click column headers to sort Download

Decision White Black Latino American Indian or Alaskan Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander Asian Other All youth of color All youth

33 of 33 counties (Why?)

Originally, states were only required to examine three counties: those with the greatest proportions of minority youth within their juvenile population, as well as those that contained the greatest numbers of minority youth. Only recently has OJJDP required that states track DMC data for all potential DMC reduction sites on a regular basis (at least every 3 years). If a county is not a DMC reduction site, data may not be available.

Detention statute

Juvenile courts may hold delinquents in a secure detention facility if the court believes it is in the best interest of the community or the child. After arrest a youth is often brought to the local juvenile detention facility by law enforcement. Juvenile probation officers or detention workers review the case and decide if the juvenile should be held pending a hearing by a judge.

Jurisdiction ages

  • 0–17
  • Extended Age of Delinquency Jurisdiction: 20

Age of detention


Standard for detention

A. Unless ordered by the court pursuant to the provisions of the Delinquency Act, a child taken into custody for an alleged delinquent act shall not be placed in detention unless a detention risk assessment instrument is completed and a determination is made that the child:

(1) poses a substantial risk of harm to himself;

(2) poses a substantial risk of harm to others; or

(3) has demonstrated that he may leave the jurisdiction of the court.

Detention hearing timeline

N.M. Stat. Ann. § 32-2-10 and 32-2-13.

Within twenty-four hours for filing a petition, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays. The petition must be filed within 24 hours of custody.


Please email Anna Wong with any updates to contact information for your DMC coordinator, JJS coordinator, or DMC subcommittee chair.

DMC coordinator

Steven Brooks
Juvenile Justice Services
300 San Mateo NE, Suite 800
Albuquerque, NM 87108
Phone: (505)670-5708

There is no DMC website

JJS coordinator

Arturo Naegelin
Federal Grants Program Manager
Juvenile Justice Services
P.O. Drawer 5160, Room 542
Santa Fe, NM 87502-5160
Phone: 505-827-4497

DMC subcommittee chair

There is currently no DMC subcommittee chair

Reform efforts

States that wish to post their most recent three-year plans or share other relevant publications about their reform work should contact Anna Wong. We would be happy to link to relevant documents and information.

DMC reform efforts

Organizing reform efforts into a cohesive list.

State plan

There is no link available to the current State Plan

The State of New Mexico has implemented a statewide detention screening tool that takes into account various factors such as the severity of the committing offense, offense history, age, and other factors that have been shown to indicate continued risk of committing delinquent offenses

State Advisory Group (SAG)

Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee, or JJAC. It's DMC Committee Purpose is to:

  1. Review and understand OJJDP DMC model and Annie Casey disparities initiative;
  2. Review findings from UNM/Sentencing Commission study;
  3. Continue focus on comprehensive data system to collect required state and county DMC data;
  4. Obtain county-level data analysis from CYFD and provide to Continuum sites for analysis;
  5. Identify ways to obtain school-related disparities data;
  6. Learn from 3 disparities initiatives sites following the Burns Institute/JDAI model;
  7. Review any local Continuum analyses of DMC; review Continuum programs that impact DMC;
  8. Identify contributing factors to DMC and develop interventions to address this;
  9. Continue training including AMIKids detention officer and Law enforcement training;
  10. Evaluate any DMC/disparities programs funded by JJAC; ensure performance measures are directly related to DMC; ensure funded programs are based on highest RRI rates;
  11. Monitor JJAC funded programs, and monitor RRIs for improvement;
  12. Continue training/TA request focusing on minority is majority status of NM;
  13. Monitor DMC Compliance Plan in the Three-Year Plan

SAG chair

Sharon Stover
Phone: 505-690-4520

Organizational structure

There is no organization information available at this time.




  • Robert Miller Jr.
  • Sasha Pellerin
  • John Richmond
  • Helen Cheromiah
  • Deborah Bogosian
  • Alma Cortez
  • Anna Marie Loughead
  • Lisa Marie Gomez
  • Todd Heisey
  • Angie K. Schneider
  • Aaron Kip Scarborough
  • Ron Lucero
  • Monnica Garcia
  • Wilson Quintana
  • Erica Padilla
  • Fred Romero
  • David Schmidt
  • Douglas Mitchell
  • Sharon Stover
  • Amy Orlando