United States of Disparities

United States

One-day count

Data in this section show how many youth are detained, committed, or otherwise sleeping somewhere other than their homes per orders of the court on "any given day" in select years. Data is available for the nation and on a state-by-state basis, and are based upon one-day counts of youth in residential placement facilities conducted in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Learn more »

Show table and download this data

Click column headers to sort Download

Year White Black Latino Native American Asian Other All youth of color All youth

Annual decision points

This section includes data at nine key juvenile justice annual decision points. Data are available at the county and state-level, but only for counties that report. This section allows you to view the data from many different angles and all of the data is broken down by race and ethnicity. Learn more »


Data not available for every year. (Why?)

Available years are those for which states have submitted data to OJJDP. States do not submit data on an annual basis.

Case flow diagram

Click on a decision-making point to see the data for that point. Click additional decision-making points to the graph to compare.

  1. Youth population

  • 1Comparison of arrest to population is rate per 1,000 youth. All other annual decision points are rate per 100 youth at the prior decision-making point.
  • 2Due to differences in how states define arrests and referrals to court, some states may have more referrals to court than arrests.
Show table and download this data

Click column headers to sort Download

Decision White Black Latino American Indian or Alaskan Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander Asian Other All youth of color All youth

3 of 77 counties (Why?)

Originally, states were only required to examine three counties: those with the greatest proportions of minority youth within their juvenile population, as well as those that contained the greatest numbers of minority youth. Only recently has OJJDP required that states track DMC data for all potential DMC reduction sites on a regular basis (at least every 3 years). If a county is not a DMC reduction site, data may not be available.

Detention statute

Juvenile courts may hold delinquents in a secure detention facility if the court believes it is in the best interest of the community or the child. After arrest a youth is often brought to the local juvenile detention facility by law enforcement. Juvenile probation officers or detention workers review the case and decide if the juvenile should be held pending a hearing by a judge.

Jurisdiction ages

  • 0–17
  • Extended Age of Delinquency Jurisdiction: 18

Age of detention

  • 10–17
  • Extended Age of Delinquency Jurisdiction: 18

Standard for detention

A. When a child is taken into custody pursuant to the provisions of the Oklahoma Juvenile Code, the child shall be detained only if it is necessary to assure the appearance of the child in court or for the protection of the child or the public.

1a. No preadjudicatory or predisposition detention or custody order shall remain in force and effect for more than thirty (30) days. The court, for good and sufficient cause shown, may extend the effective period of such an order for an additional period not to exceed sixty (60) days. If the child is being detained for the commission of a murder, the court may, if it is in the best interests of justice, extend the effective period of such an order an additional sixty (60) days.

B. No child shall be placed in secure detention unless:

1. The child is an escapee from any delinquent placement;

2. The child is a fugitive from another jurisdiction with a warrant on a delinquency charge or confirmation of delinquency charges by the home jurisdiction;

3. The child is seriously assaultive or destructive towards others or self;

4. The child is currently charged with any criminal offense that would constitute a felony if committed by an adult or a misdemeanor and:

a. is on probation or parole on a prior delinquent offense,

b. is on preadjudicatory community supervision,

c. is currently on release status on a prior delinquent offense, or

d. has willfully failed or there is reason to believe that the child will willfully fail to appear for juvenile court proceedings.

Detention hearing timeline

Okla. Stat. tit 10 § 7303-1.1.

By the next day after custody, of by 2 judicial days if good cause.


Please email Anna Wong with any updates to contact information for your DMC coordinator, JJS coordinator, or DMC subcommittee chair.

DMC coordinator

Laura Broyles
Community Based Youth Services Division
Office of Juvenile Affairs
P.O. Box 268812
3812 North Santa Fe, Ste. 400
Oklahoma City, OK 73126-8812
Phone: 405-530-2928
Fax: 405-530-2913

There is currently no DMC website

JJS coordinator

Anna Kelly
Office of Juvenile Affairs
3812 N. Santa Fe Avenue, Suite 400
P.O. Box 268812
Oklahoma City, OK 73126
Phone: 405-530-2804
Fax: 405-530-2913

DMC subcommittee chair

Scott Williams
Phone: 405-4146733

Reform efforts

States that wish to post their most recent three-year plans or share other relevant publications about their reform work should contact Anna Wong. We would be happy to link to relevant documents and information.

DMC reform efforts

To address DMC issues in Oklahoma, the SAG proposes to:

  1. educate various juvenile justice stakeholders about DMC, problems resulting from DMC, trends in and evidenced based solutions to DMC via the CASP curriculum;
  2. prioritize funding to those grant proposals including programs and services addressing DMC;
  3. complete an assessment of factors contributing to DMC using the most recent RRI data;
  4. review and implement recommendations of the 2012 Statewide DMC Assessment as funds allow;
  5. fund targeted DMC projects directly related to RRI data disparities both locally and statewide.

State plan

There is no link available to the current State Plan

The main points of the current State Plan are to:

  1. Address Minority Over Representation (See DMC)
  2. Create Comprehensive Prevention Programs. To address the lack of programming, the Oklahoma SAG proposes:
    1. prioritizing funding for primary prevention programs that adequately develop effective partnerships with established community organizations;
    2. funding only programs based on research that shows effective results;
    3. establish and apply criteria for cost-effectiveness when funding programs.
  3. Create Native American Programs. To address Native American issues Oklahoma SAG proposes to:
    1. secure a more complete analysis of crimes committed by Native American youth;
    2. engage in a dialogue with tribes regarding juvenile justice system issues and seek input regarding effective responses necessary to break the cycle of crime;
    3. seek multicultural strategies to engage more Native Americans in working within the juvenile justice system.

State Advisory Group (SAG)

To identify the root causes of juvenile crime; to seek solutions using intervention and prevention strategies; to advise the Governor and the legislature concerning delinquency prevention and juvenile justice matters: to effectively administer federal funds received through the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act

SAG chair

Scott Williams
Phone: 405-4146733

Organizational structure

There is a Chair Person, Vice- Chair and an Executive Committee, which is made up of the Chair and Vice Chair plus Sub-Committee Chairpersons. There are of course additional SAG members who round out the membership requirements.


  • Executive, DMC
  • Delinquency Prevention
  • Native American Committee


  • Johnathon Boatman
  • James Colgan,
  • Wayne Dallas,
  • Kenny Monroe,
  • Judge Douglas Revard,
  • Dr. Robert Sanders,
  • John Selph,
  • Dr. Earlene Smith,
  • Kathleen Stanton,
  • Corey Brooks,
  • Robby Criswell,
  • Michael Jestes,
  • Wesley Lane,
  • Rep. Jim Newport,
  • Mary Rumph,
  • Joey Shaw,
  • Dr. Art Williams