United States of Disparities

United States

One-day count

Data in this section show how many youth are detained, committed, or otherwise sleeping somewhere other than their homes per orders of the court on "any given day" in select years. Data is available for the nation and on a state-by-state basis, and are based upon one-day counts of youth in residential placement facilities conducted in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Learn more »

Show table and download this data

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Year White Black Latino Native American Asian Other All youth of color All youth

Annual decision points

This section includes data at nine key juvenile justice annual decision points. Data are available at the county and state-level, but only for counties that report. This section allows you to view the data from many different angles and all of the data is broken down by race and ethnicity. Learn more »


Data not available for every year. (Why?)

Available years are those for which states have submitted data to OJJDP. States do not submit data on an annual basis.

Case flow diagram

Click on a decision-making point to see the data for that point. Click additional decision-making points to the graph to compare.

  1. Youth population

  • 1Comparison of arrest to population is rate per 1,000 youth. All other annual decision points are rate per 100 youth at the prior decision-making point.
  • 2Due to differences in how states define arrests and referrals to court, some states may have more referrals to court than arrests.
Show table and download this data

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Decision White Black Latino American Indian or Alaskan Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander Asian Other All youth of color All youth

0 of 5 counties (Why?)

Originally, states were only required to examine three counties: those with the greatest proportions of minority youth within their juvenile population, as well as those that contained the greatest numbers of minority youth. Only recently has OJJDP required that states track DMC data for all potential DMC reduction sites on a regular basis (at least every 3 years). If a county is not a DMC reduction site, data may not be available.

Detention statute

Juvenile courts may hold delinquents in a secure detention facility if the court believes it is in the best interest of the community or the child. After arrest a youth is often brought to the local juvenile detention facility by law enforcement. Juvenile probation officers or detention workers review the case and decide if the juvenile should be held pending a hearing by a judge.

Jurisdiction ages

  • 0–17
  • Extended Age of Delinquency Jurisdiction: 20

Standard for detention

Gen.Laws 1956, § 14-1-11

(c) No child shall be ordered detained at the training school unless there is pending against the child a petition setting forth facts which would constitute a felony or misdemeanor if committed by an adult or which alleges a violation of a valid court order, or unless the child is adjudged in contempt of court. In the event a child is ordered to be detained at the training school, the family court shall conduct a probable cause hearing within five (5) calendar days of the child's detention (exclusive of weekends and/or holidays). At the conclusion of the probable cause hearing, the court shall order the release of the child from the training school unless the court finds that the child poses a substantial risk of harm to self or to others.

Nothing in this section prohibits the temporary commitment by the family court to the department of children, youth, and families for placement of a child in a specific facility or program other than the training school for youth.

Gen.Laws 1956, § 14-1-27

(a) Subject to § 14-1-11, provision may be made by the family court for the temporary detention of children at the training school for youth or in the custody of the director of the department of children, youth and families. The court may authorize the temporary placement of children in private homes licensed and approved by the department of children, youth, and families and subject to the supervision of the court, or may arrange with any incorporated institution or agency licensed for child care, to receive for temporary care children ordered detained by the court. Unless good cause is shown to delay the commencement of the adjudicatory hearing, if a child is in detention, the family court shall commence the adjudicatory hearing within thirty (30) calendar days from whichever of the following events occurs latest: the date the petition is served on the child; or the date the child is placed in detention.

Detention hearing timeline

IC 31-34-5-1

Time for hearing; notice; petition alleging a child is a child in need of services

Sec. 1. (a) If a child taken into custody under IC 31-34-2 is not released, a detention hearing shall be held not later than forty-eight (48) hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and any day on which a legal holiday is observed for state employees as provided under IC 1-1-9, after the child is taken into custody. If the detention hearing is not held, the child shall be released.


Please email Anna Wong with any updates to contact information for your DMC coordinator, JJS coordinator, or DMC subcommittee chair.

DMC coordinator

Gina Tocco
Phone: 401-222-4497

There is no DMC website

JJS coordinator

Gina Tocco
Phone: 401-222-4497

DMC subcommittee chair

Ms. Toby Ayers
Rhode Island for Community and Justice
Phone: 401-467-1717 Ext.102

Reform efforts

States that wish to post their most recent three-year plans or share other relevant publications about their reform work should contact Anna Wong. We would be happy to link to relevant documents and information.

State plan

There is no link available to the current State Plan

State Advisory Group (SAG)

To facilitate interagency cooperation and collaboration throughout the Rhode Island criminal justice system by way of strategic planning, program coordination, data collection and statistical analysis; while providing fair, efficient and accountable grant administration so as to improve the state's overall response to crime and victimization and enhance public safety.

When Congress enacted the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) in 1974, it recognized that the success of the federal involvement in juvenile justice would rest on the shoulders of committed and experienced individuals at the state and local level. The State Advisory Groups or SAGs were made an integral part of the JJDPA to allow this experience, commitment and local perspective to play a significant role in delinquency prevention and juvenile justice reform. The Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee (JJAC) is Rhode Island’s SAG.

SAG chair

Brother Brendan Gerrity
Ocean Tides
789 Ocean Road
Narragansett, RI 02882
Phone: 401-789-1016
Fax: 401-788-0924

Organizational structure

The citizen members of the JJAC are appointed by the Governor. Appointees come from the public and private sectors and represent a broad cross-section of experience and philosophy and are representative of all the geographic regions of the state. As the Governor's appointees, the JJAC membership has the credibility and influence necessary to work effectively with local communities and organizations. The experience of the JJAC membership allows it to effectively assess the particular problems and needs of the local communities, to develop sensible priorities and to identify, support and monitor those who develop and operate the programs and activities funded by federal dollars. The experience and dedication of volunteer members of citizen advocacy groups is vital to the effective and efficient use of the federal grant dollars. With their ties to local communities, state and local organizations, JJAC members are able to generate a local investment in the fight against youth crime which often translates to a financial investment from state and local government. By leveraging federal funds with these other resources, the JJAC has been able to maximize the impact of the JJDPA formula grant "seed" money.


There is no committee information available at this time.


  • Dottie Gardnier, Child Advocate, Office of the Child Advocate
  • Hon. Jeremiah S. Jeremiah, Chief Justice
  • RI Family Court
  • Hon. Kathleen Voccola, Associate Justice, RI Family Court
  • Hon. Pamela Macktaz, Associate Justice, RI Family Court
  • Hon. Angela Bucci, Truancy Court Magistrate, RI Family Court
  • Warren Hulbert, Acting Director, RI Training School for Youth
  • Stephen King, Principle Project Manager, RI Supreme Court
  • Alberta Catallozzi, Student Assistance Counselor
  • Oliver Hazard Perry Middle School
  • Sandra Lonardo, Private Practitioner
  • Juvenile Counseling/Intervention
  • Kathy Griffin, Juvenile Probation Unit
  • Department of Children, Youth & Families
  • Walter Baptista , Retired, RI Dept. of Corrections
  • Lt. Emil Fioravanti, Training Academy, Providence Police Department
  • Lt. Paul Kennedy, Juvenile Bureau, Providence Police Department
  • Vincent MacAteer, Chief of Investigations, RI Dept. of the Attorney General
  • Joseph Le, Executive Director, SE Asian Socio-Economic Development Center
  • Lidia Oster, Juvenile Intake Officer, RI Family Court
  • Elizabeth M. Gilheeney, Juvenile Justice Specialist
  • Justice Commission
  • Sarah Riley, Youth Member
  • Kara Geoghan, Youth Member