Data in this section show how many youth are detained, committed, or otherwise sleeping somewhere other than their homes per orders of the court on "any given day" in select years. Data is available for the nation and on a state-by-state basis, and are based upon one-day counts of youth in residential placement facilities conducted in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Learn more »
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|Year||White||Black||Latino||Native American||Asian||Other||All youth of color||All youth|
No data available
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- Please note: Imputation is used to address missing information about youth characteristics including race/ethnicity data. See our About page to learn more
- Due to minor differences in sources for youth population data, rates of detention, commitment and incarceration may vary slightly from those on the Easy Access to Juveniles in Residential Placement website.
Annual decision points
This section includes data at nine key juvenile justice annual decision points. Data are available at the county and state-level, but only for counties that report. This section allows you to view the data from many different angles and all of the data is broken down by race and ethnicity. Learn more »
- Number of youth
- Calculate disparity gap using
Case flow diagram
Click on a decision-making point to see the data for that point. Click additional decision-making points to the graph to compare.
- 1Comparison of arrest to population is rate per 1,000 youth. All other annual decision points are rate per 100 youth at the prior decision-making point.
- 2Due to differences in how states define arrests and referrals to court, some states may have more referrals to court than arrests.
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|Decision||White||Black||Latino||American Indian or Alaskan Native||Hawaiian or Pacific Islander||Asian||Other||All youth of color||All youth|
22 of 64 counties (Why?)
Juvenile courts may hold delinquents in a secure detention facility if the court believes it is in the best interest of the community or the child. After arrest a youth is often brought to the local juvenile detention facility by law enforcement. Juvenile probation officers or detention workers review the case and decide if the juvenile should be held pending a hearing by a judge.
Extended Age of Delinquency Jurisdiction: The juvenile court retains jurisdiction until the completion of the terms of the dispositional order, regardless of the type of commitment
Age of Detention
Standard for detention
(3)(a)(III) With respect to this section, the court may further detain the juvenile if the court is satisfied from the information provided at the hearing that the juvenile is a danger to himself or herself or to the community. Any information having probative value shall be received regardless of its admissibility under the rules of evidence. In determining whether a juvenile requires detention, the court shall consider any record of any prior adjudications of the juvenile. There shall be a rebuttable presumption that a juvenile is a danger to himself or herself or to the community if:
(A) The juvenile is alleged to have committed a felony enumerated as a crime of violence pursuant to section 18-1.3-406, C.R.S.; or
(B) The juvenile is alleged to have used, or possessed and threatened to use, a firearm during the commission of any felony offense against a person, as such offenses are described in article 3 of title 18, C.R.S.; or
(C) The juvenile is alleged to have committed possessing a dangerous or illegal weapon, as described in section 18-12-102, C.R.S.; possession of a defaced firearm, as described in section 18-12-103, C.R.S.; unlawfully carrying a concealed weapon, as described in section 18-12-105, C.R.S.; unlawfully carrying a concealed weapon on school, college, or university grounds, as described in section 18-12-105.5, C.R.S.; prohibited use of weapons, as described in section 18-12-106, C.R.S.; illegal discharge of a firearm, as described in section 18-12-107.5, C.R.S.; or illegal possession of a handgun by a juvenile, as described in section 18-12-108.5, C.R.S.
Detention hearing timeline
Within forty-eight hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays; may be extended for a reasonable time by order of the court upon good cause shown.
Please email Anna Wong with any updates to contact information for your DMC coordinator, JJS coordinator, or DMC subcommittee chair.
Division of Criminal Justice
700 Kipling Street, Ste. 1000
Denver, CO 80215
Website (out of date)
Division of Criminal Justice
Department of Public Safety
700 Kipling Street, Suite 1000
Denver, CO 80215
DMC subcommittee chair
States that wish to post their most recent three-year plans or share other relevant publications about their reform work should contact Anna Wong. We would be happy to link to relevant documents and information.
DMC reform efforts
- Assessments conducted in communities to define causes of overrepresentation
- Looking into barriers to collecting race/ethnicity data on the state level
State Advisory Group (SAG)
The Council is responsible for:
- Setting funding priorities
- Approving and denying grant applications under each program (Formula Grants, Title V, and Challenge)
- Developing recommendations to the governor on the state of juvenile justice and suggestions on how to improve the system
- Monitoring justice trends
- Approving an annual juvenile justice plan
- Funding and policy decisions
Bonnie E. Saltzman, Esq. 05/08
JJDP Council Chair
425 S Cherry St., Ste. 620
Denver, CO 80246
The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) Council is comprised of up to 33 citizens, system professionals, and youth members, who are appointed by the governor and charged with the responsibility of administering the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act program
Colorado Coalition for Minority Youth Equality (CMYE)
Gender-Specific Services has been a Colorado priority for the past 7 years and several accomplishments have been realized including development of Guidelines for Effective Female-Specific Programming (Guidelines At a Glance), that are intended to encourage professionals to look critically at how services are provided to girls in both gender-specific and mixed gender programs. Despite this, we continue to see some troubling statistics.
Juvenile Justice and Mental Health Work Group
To coordinate Colorado efforts initiated to address the needs of youth who have mental health and/or co-occurring disorders and who are involved in the juvenile justice system, the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) Council merged its Mental Health Committee with the Juvenile Justice Subcommittee of the Task Force to address Mental Illness in the Criminal Justice System.
- Dianne A. Van Voorhees, Esq., Council Chair, Executive Director, Metro Volunteer Lawyers
- Joe Higgins, Mesa County Partners
- Katie Wells, Council Vice-Chair, Alcohol & Drug Abuse DivisionAdolescent Programs
- Larry Hudson, Attorney, Greenberg, Traurig, LLP
- Donia Rae Amick, Sergeant, Lakewood Police Department
- Michelle Molinar-Dominquez, Youth Community Member
- Katy Avila, Youth Community Member
- Sheriff Gerry Oyen, Bent County Sheriff's Office
- Bill Bane, Mental Health Services, Colorado Dept. of Human Services
- Stan Paprocki, Alcohol & Drug Abuse Division, Prevention Services
- Michelle Brinegar, Chief Deputy District Attorney, 8th Judicial District
- Bob Pence, Community Member, Former Law Enforcement
- Steve Brittain, Tribal Dept. of Social Services, Southern Ute Tribe
- Bonnie E. Saltzman, Esq., Attorney
- Alison (Ali) Bujanovich, Youth Community Member
- Judge David L. Shakes, District Judge, State of Colorado
- Susan Colling, Probation Services, State Court Administrator's Office
- Lindi Sinton, Volunteers of America, Colorado Branch
- Bob Coulson, Adolescent Programs Administrator, Child Welfare
- Deborah Leah Staten, Principal of the Johnson Program & Student Outreach Coordinator
- Jim Covino, Esq., Attorney
- Pam Wakefield, Guardian Ad Litem
- Kayla Duran, Youth Community Member
- Debbie Wilde, Executive Director, YouthZone
- Alisha Encinias, Youth Community Member
- Jeremy Wilson, Youth Community Member
- Regis Groff, Community Member, Former State Senator